Works Cited and References

For further information on the project, feel free to read my paper which will be added shortly. However, this is not a published work as of yet so please do not cite information directly from the paper.

The external links for City Beautiful, Photos and Business of the Old 8th, and the interactive Redlining Map are all courtesy of the Digital Harrisburg Initiative. A lot my research would not have been possible without them.

Works Cited

Beers, Paul and Michael Barton. City Contented, City Discontented: A History of Modern Harrisburg, Harrisburg: Midtown Scholar Press, 2011. 

Brooks, Richard R.W. and Carol Rose. Saving the Neighborhood, Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2013.

The following sources are from the Dauphin County Recorder of Deeds Office:

“Dauphin Deposit Trust Co. to Helen G. Finger,” Deed Book C, vol. 24, Dauphin County  Recorder of Deeds Office, October 1936, 420.

Grantor Index 1918-1955

Grantee Index 1918-1955

“Hollinger Realty Co. to Earnest B. Comes”, Deed Book D, vol. 24, Dauphin County Recorder of Deeds Office, January 1937, 440-441.

 “Miller I. Kast to Ernest G. Dieffenbach”, Deed Book Z, vol. 23, Dauphin County Recorder of Deeds Office, May 12, 1936.

“The Nelson Improvement and Development Corporation to Clinton L. Weaver”, Deed Book T, vol. 37, Dauphin County Recorder of Deeds Office, October 9, 1953, 173.

The following sources are from the National Archives in Washington, D.C.:

“Map of Security Gradings Legend”, 1935, RG 195, Federal Home Loan Bank Board collection, National Archives.

“Harrisburg Security Map”, January 16, 1936, RG 195, Federal Home Loan Bank Board collection, National Archives.

Elspas, Molly and Anna Strange. “Friends of Reform: The Correspondence of  J. Horace McFarland and Mira Lloyd Dock”, Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies. vol 87, no. 1 (Winter 2020): 122-128.

“Fair Housing Act”, The United States Department of Justice, August 6, 2015,

Greer, James L. “Historic Home Mortgage Redlining in Chicago”, Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society (1998-), vol 107, no. 2 (University of Illinois Press, 2014), 204-233.

Gleiter, Dan “Home of architect who helped build Bellevue Park neighborhood in Harrisburg is timeless and ‘rock-solid’: Cool Spaces”, Penn Live Patriot News, October 2019.

Hardson, Lizzy. “My City Was Gone: How redlining helped segregate, blight Harrisburg.”, The Burg, August 31, 2018,

Harrisburg Executive Committee Minutes, Pennsylvania: Historical Society of Dauphin County, October 1901, 25.

“Harrisburg Redlined”, Digital Harrisburg, 2020

“History of Fair Housing”, US Department of Housing and Urban Development,

Loewen, James W. Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism, New York, New York: Touchstone, 2006.

Maude B. Coleman letters, Gifford Pinchot Papers, Box 1634, Library of Congress, November 20, 2020.

Maude Coleman to Governor James Duff, Pennsylvania: Pennsylvania State Archive, February 20, 1950.

Munger, Donna Bingham. Pennsylvania Land Records: A History and Guide for Research, Wilmington, Delaware: Scholarly Resources Inc, 1991. 

Rothstein, Richard. The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How our Government Segregated America. New York: Liverright Publishing Corporation, 2017.

Sarvis, Albert. ”Mapping Urban Change in Harrisburg, 1900-1930”, Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies, vol. 87, no. 1 (Winter 2020): 45-65.

“Second Year in Residential Building Field Observed by W. M. Hollinger Realty Co.”, The Evening News (Harrisburg, PA), September 11, 1937.

Singer, Matthew Frederick. “Bellevue Park: The Suburb Beautiful and Enduring”, Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies. vol 87, no.1 (Winter 2020): 136-147.

Spaces of Fear (collaborative project at Messiah College) (HAVE NOT INCORPORATED YET)

The Digital Scholarship Lab and the National Community Reinvestment Coalition. “Not Even Past: Social Vulnerability and the Legacy of Redlining,” American Panorama, ed. Robert  K. Nelson and Edward L. Ayers,

Tullumello, Simone. “From ‘Spaces of Fear’ to ‘Fearscapes’: Mapping for Reframing Theories About the Spatialization of Fear in Urban Space.” Space and Culture, vol. 18(3), 2015: 257-272.

Wert, J. Howard. “The Tow Path Men and Lumber Raft ‘Yankees’ Who Infected the Eighth Ward”, Harrisburg’s Old Eighth Ward, ed. Michael Barton and Jessica Dorman, Charleston: Arcadia Press, 2002, 59-61.

Williams, Rachel. “History and Memory of the Old 8th Ward”, Pennsylvania History: A Journal of Mid-Atlantic Studies, vol 87, no. 1 (Winter 2020): 164-177.

Wright, Willie Jamaal. “The Morphology of Marronage.” Annals of American Association of Geographers, v. 109, no. 6, October 22, 2019: 1-12.

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